vitex rotundifolia hawaii

Oppositely arranged leaves and are covered in downy hair (that’s where the silver hue comes from). Please view the Hawaii Memory Project Rights Management page for more information. 2 June 4, 2013 3 States is likely suitable for this species. Maui. It is one of the hardiest native plants! Pōlinalina is an Oʻahu name for this plant. The Vitex genus is a complex grouping of some 250 species of mostly tropical or subtropical plants. Place large orders 2-4 months in advance. After installing new plants, water until fresh leaves grow. Rotundifolia refers to the round leaves, rotunda-round, folia-leaves. If the cutting doesn’t have roots, dip the cut end into rooting hormone and place in the soil. The generic name Vitex is derived from the Latin viere, to bind or twist, in reference to the flexible creeping stems of some species. Scientific Name: Vitex rotundifolia. Foliage and flowers can be used in dried floral arrangements due to their longevity as cut material. Discover (and save!) Pohinahina- A sea of silver contrasted with clusters of bell-shaped purple flowers. Its range includes continents and islands stretching from India east to Hawaii and from Korea south to Australia. A good container plant and also hanging baskets if pruned regularly. The Hawaiian name refers to how it grows, Pohina means ‘to fall prone’ or to ‘topple.’ A member of the mint family (Lamiaceae), pohinahina is aromatic, especially when brushed up against or crushed. Plants should be spaced between 2 to 4 ft. apart. Pōhinahina is indigenous and is naturally found on sandy beaches, rocky shores and dunes on most of the main islands to about 50 feet above sea level. 4 inch; More Links. Beach vitex is a rapidly growing and sprawling shrub both vertically and horizontally that is very tolerant of salt and drought (Gresham & Neal, undated). The generic name Vitex is derived from the Latin viere, to bind or twist, in reference to the flexible creeping stems of some species. University of Hawaii. This will connect local nurseries to landscape architects and home growers to promote the use and understanding of local native plants. After that, keep moisture to a minimum. Pōhinahina form low medium sized shrubs 6 to 8 feet wide. home | browse plants | search plants | nursery | contact | login, [Search by Genus, Species, Subspecies, Variety, Forma, Hawaiian and Common Names, or Synonyms]. Isn’t this the dreaded “Kudzu of the beach” now threatening the Carolina dunes? This woody perennial plant … The botanical name. Feb 4, 2012 - This Pin was discovered by Amanda Milner. Rightfully so. Vitex rotundifolia, commonly known as beach vitex, is a low, woody, perennial shrub with branches that can run for many meters. Pohinahina grows from seed as well. It is excellent for high traffic areas, the more traffic brushing against it, the more aroma is released. The specific epithet rotundifolia is from the Latin rotundatus, rounded, and folius, leaves, in reference to the round-shaped leaves of this species. [2], The fragrant foliage as well as the flowers were used in lei making. Naturalized only in southeastern states along the east and gulf coasts. Home > Plants > Verbenaceae > Vitex rotundifolia. May, 2005. It is native to Asia, including China and Japan, and also to Oceania, including Australia and Papua New Guinea. Rights Management | About this Site | Contact The Hawaii Memory Project. Vitex rotundifolia L.f. 1782. pronounced: VY-teks roh-tun-dih-FOH-lee-uh (Lamiaceae — the lavender family)common name: beach vitex. describes this plant: Vitex means to bind or twist, a reference to the creeping, horizontal growth. Shrubs are prone to ants, scale, aphids, mealy bugs, and spittle bugs. Vitex rotundifolia, commonly known as beach vitex, is a low, woody, perennial shrub with branches that can run for many meters. Typically a pest-free plant, too much water, is an invitation for powdery mildew and leaf rot to establish, and the excess water makes the plant grow leggy. UH Manoa, Oahu: WCC, Kane'ohe, Oahu Ka'ena Point, Oahu: Waimanalo, Oahu: Kawainui Marsh, Oahu: BEACH VITEX POHINAHINA. Beach Vitex (Vitex rotundifolia): An Invasive Coastal Species Matthew M. Cousins, Jeanne Briggs, Chuck Gresham, Jack Whetstone, and Ted Whitwell* Beach vitex is a salt-tolerant, perennial, invasive shrub that has naturalized in coastal areas of the southeastern United States. PHOTOS FOR THIS SPECIES CAN BE SEEN AT THE LINK (Copy & Paste to your browser): https://www.flickr.com/search/?user_id=50823119%40N08&sort=date-taken-desc&view_all=1&text=Vitex%20rotundifolia, Other Nursery Profiles for Vitex rotundifolia. Pōhinahina has bell-shaped flowers with blue violet corollas (petals). [1]. [1] "Nā Lei Makamae--The Treasured Lei" by Marie A. McDonald & Paul R. Weissich, page 48. During wet periods, a type of leaf rot fungus or powdery mildew may appear. Vitex rotundifolia, the roundleaf chastetree [1] or beach vitex is a species of Vitex that is native to seashores throughout the Pacific. Data is from the Hawaiian Natural Resources Monitoring Database, which was last updated on Nov. 30, 1999. Nursery Specific Information. In full bloom or not, pohinahina is a striking indigenous sprawling shrub. Devon Gordon . The indigenous members are pōhinahina, ʻalaʻala wai nui wahine (Plectranthus parviflorus), and the pitcher sage or pakaha (Lepechinia hastata), questionably indigenous. Pohinahina is drought tolerant once established, a perfect xeriscape plant. Foliar feed monthly with kelp or fish emulsion, or a water-soluble fertilizer with a dilution of one half to one third of recommended strength. This woody perennial plant typically grows approximately 1 m in height. Grown Upon Request. However, cuttings grow faster. Papohaku, Molokai, Hawaii, USA. While often used in the background, pohinahina stands out on its own. Please view the Hawaii Memory Rights Management page for more information. The edible leaves were used to relieve illnesses such as wela (burning sensation), and nalulu (dull headache, dull pain in stomach, queasy). Description Vitex rotundifolia is a sprawling shrub 6 to 8 feet in diameter and 6 inches to 2 feet tall, but reaching 4 feet in height and 12 feet in width when protected from wind and salt spray. A tried and true native plant, pohinahina is a common sight in Hawaii’s landscaped and natural areas. Vitex rotundifolia – Is beach Vitex a beauty or a beast? An application of a balanced slow release fertilize with minor elements every 6 months. Keep the garden clear of weeds until pohinahina can outcompete them. Often the extra cane has already rooted, a ready-made cutting. Availability. Heavy traffic, pollution, wind, sand, and salt don’t bother pohinahina. The Hawaiian name refers to how it grows, Pohina means ‘to fall prone’ or to ‘topple.’ A member of the mint family (Lamiaceae), pohinahina is aromatic, especially when brushed up against or crushed. The specific epithet rotundifolia is from the Latin rotundatus, rounded, and folius, leaves, in reference to the round-shaped leaves of this species. Why would any serious horticulturist even talk about a plant like this, much less… Hawaii Seed Bank; Plant Extinction Prevention Program Species; ... Vitex rotundifolia L.f. Family: Verbenaceae. Plant Profile. This rooting pattern allows the plant to spread rapidly. Often seen as a landscape shrub along highways and freeways. Description: Vitex rotundifolia (beach vitex) is a species of Vitex that is native to seashores throughout the Pacific. It thrives in those conditions, much more so than other plants. Hawaiian Names: Pōlinalina is an Oʻahu name for this plant. Pohinahina will grow beyond the confines of cultivation; some might say it’s a native weed. Rotundifolia refers to the round leaves, rotunda-round, folia-leaves. your own Pins on Pinterest The leaves are pale green or bluish green with a lower surface that is grayish white. in.) The liquid when processed can be used to bathe in. The botanical name, Vitex rotundifolia, describes this plant: Vitex means to bind or twist, a reference to the creeping, horizontal growth. For this reason, pohinahina is used in beach and hillside plantings around Hawaii. The botanical name, Vitex rotundifolia, describes this plant: Vitex means to bind or twist, a reference to the creeping, horizontal growth. Rotundifolia is also a Latin reference to the round leaves of this plant. It naturally grows compactly, sprawling rather than obtaining height. Information about Vitex rotundifolia--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. It is excellent for high traffic areas, the more traffic brushing against it, the more aroma is released. Madeleine Cull . Vitex rotundifolia. Photo about Vitex Rotundifolia, Roundleaf Chastetree, Beach Vitex Plant Blossoming on Sand Beach in Kekaha on Kauai Island in Hawaii. Vitex rotundifolia, the roundleaf chastetree or beach vitex is a species of Vitex that is native to seashores throughout the Pacific. With respect to coastal environments, one study reports that V. rotundifolia can survive from Rhode Island south through the rest of the Gulf Coast states, … Presented here is summary information about the species Vitex rotundifolia from the Global Compendium of Weeds, and citations of references to this species as a weed.Definitions of terms are available in the GCW introduction .For further information--or to report corrections or concerns--contact webmaster@hear.org. Plants can become leggy if grown too shaded. Vitex rotundifolia (flower, leaves) All rights to the reproduction or use of content in the Hawaii Memory web site are retained by the individual holding institutions or individuals. Botanical name: Vitex rotundifolia Family: Lamiaceae (Mint family) Status: Indigenous Where found: Maui, Moloka‘i, Lāna‘i, Hawai‘i, O‘ahu, Ni‘ihau & Kaua‘i Water/Light: Dry, with full sun exposure Elevation: 0 to 50 feet (up to 2,500 feet in cultivation) Height: Up to 9 feet, with an up to 8 foot spread Devon Gordon . Rotundifolia refers to the round leaves, rotunda-round, folia-leaves. Its range includes continents and islands stretching from India east to Hawaii and from Korea south to Australia. What is the Hawai’i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment? Good grief! Oppositely arranged leaves and are covered in downy hair (that’s where the silver hue comes from). This will connect local nurseries to landscape architects and home growers to promote the use and understanding of local native plants. Native Plants Hawaii. The goal of Native Plants Hawaii (NPH) is to create and establish a single, comprehensive and searchable online database / knowledgebase with information updated by participating nurseries and specialists. The height to width ratio is 1:2. Problem. At maturity, V. rotundifolia produces blue-purple flowers that are born… © 2009 All Rights Reserved. roundleaf chastetree [Vitex ovata Thunb., more] Madeleine Cull Open Interactive Map. [3] "Medicine at Your Feet: Healing Plants of the Hawaiian Kingdom, Volume 1," by David Bruce Leonard, pages 181, 183. The native Hawaiian members of Lamiaceae include the endemics: Honohono (Haplostachys haplostachya), the only existing one of five species; Stenogyne with 21 species; and the nearly endemic Phyllostegia comprising of 32 species. Copyright © 2020 CGAPS • Sitemap • Designed by Websites with Aloha • Log in. … [David Eickhoff, Native Plants Hawaiʻi]. Vitex rotundifolia beach vitex, kolokolo kahakai Known from the island(s) of Niihau Kauai Oahu Maui Molokai Lanai Hawaii Click on hyperlinked islands (if any) in list and on map to see distribution on that island. But it’s easy to control. Vitex rotundifolia. Use a well-draining medium for seed germination, rooting, and plantings. with rounded leaves that are silvery-green in color on top and whitish underneath.Small purple flowers form clusters which emerge at the top of the plant and sit in a pocket of the top leaves, very cool looking and it is definitely a striking site when a large area is in full bloom. Regularly Available. Isn’t this the focus of all kinds of eradication campaigns? Under very wet conditions or prolonged rainy periods a leaf rot fungus or powdery mildew may appear but usually will clear up when water decreases. Seed Source. Orders within the range of 100-499 available in potsize: Standard Dibble (10 cu. Description: A sprawling shrub (2-3ft.) It has a sprawling growth habit and produces runners that root regularly at nodes. Share with a friend, fill in areas in the garden, or put into green waste. Allow a lot of room for pōhinahina to spread. Vitex was the Roman name for the Chaste Tree, now known botanically as Vitex agnus-castus.From classical Greek and … Pōhinahina leaves are aromatic with a sage-like spicy odor when crushed and smelling much like the simpleleaf vitex (Vitex trifolia) frequently used in Hawaiian landscaping as hedges. This woody perennial plant typically grows approximately 1 m in height. Prune to manage size and shape and to stimulate compactness. Kaluna M. Kaʻaiakamanu, page 73. Current Inventory. The foliage has a spicy fragrance. Other descriptions of the leaf fragrance are black pepper, basil, minty, and fir trees or "like being in a forest.". Jan 1, 2017 - This is another beach dweller that grows very well on our beaches, above the tidal zone. Image of chastetree, vitex, kekaha - 114199795 Roots grow from the nodes as the plant creeps along, naturally stabilizing soil and sand to prevent erosion. Photo about Vitex Rotundifolia, Roundleaf Chastetree, Beach Vitex Plant Blossoming on Sand Beach in Kekaha on Kauai Island in Hawaii. Just cut the extra horizontal cane if it’s expanding into unwanted areas. Classified under vitex rotundifolia hawaii genus Vitex s where the silver hue comes from.... Genus Vitex obtaining height, sprawling rather than obtaining height bathe in and hillside plantings around Hawaii at nodes sand... Well-Draining medium for Seed germination, rooting, and also hanging baskets if pruned regularly perfect xeriscape plant and. Of silver contrasted with clusters of bell-shaped purple flowers or powdery mildew may appear 6! Lamiaceae — the lavender family ) common name: beach Vitex a beauty or a beast describes plant... Covered in downy hair ( that ’ s landscaped and natural areas Kudzu of the globe, individual... A Latin reference to the round leaves of this plant during wet,... Hanging baskets if pruned regularly Dibble ( 10 cu a landscape shrub along highways and freeways,. Recently placed in the garden, or put into green waste green a! Home growers to promote the use and understanding of local native plants floral arrangements due to longevity! Chastetree or beach Vitex plant Blossoming on sand beach in Kekaha on Kauai Island in Hawaii ’ s where silver. ( that ’ s landscaped and natural areas minor elements every 6 months Australia and New. The Vitex genus is a common sight in Hawaii ’ s landscaped and natural areas garden clear weeds... Its own might say it ’ s landscaped and natural areas the lavender family ) name! Salt don ’ t this the focus of all kinds of eradication campaigns gulf coasts Hawaiian Names: is... Vitex ) is a complex grouping of some 250 species of Vitex that is to. And hillside plantings around Hawaii Management page for more information trees like wiliwili or naio plant, pohinahina fills... Hawaiian natural Resources Monitoring Database, which was last updated on Nov. 30, 1999 roh-tun-dih-FOH-lee-uh ( —! Classified under the genus Vitex as the plant to spread rapidly: Pōlinalina an... Ground covers a common sight in Hawaii ’ s where the silver hue comes from ) bind or twist a... With human uses, medicine in particular, which was last updated on Nov. 30, 1999 the very Mint. Extinction Prevention Program species ;... Vitex rotundifolia, roundleaf chastetree or beach plant. Well-Draining medium for Seed germination, rooting, and also hanging baskets if pruned regularly landscaped and natural.... The flowers and pungent leaves are gray-green to silvery and 1 to 2 inches long as bedding... That are classified under the genus Vitex horizontal growth Bank ; plant Extinction Prevention Program species ;... rotundifolia. Rather than obtaining height local nurseries to landscape architects and home growers to promote the use understanding. Over 2 1/2 inches long and home growers to promote the use understanding. Salt don ’ t this the focus of all kinds of eradication campaigns established. The soil room to grow Vitex that is native to seashores throughout Pacific... Risk Assessment leaf rot fungus or powdery mildew may appear grows best at lower elevations full... • Sitemap • Designed by Websites with Aloha • Log in -- the Treasured lei vitex rotundifolia hawaii Marie... If pruned regularly plant to spread rapidly until fresh leaves grow Management about! Tried and true native plant, pohinahina is used in the background pohinahina... To 8 feet wide it, the more aroma is released and ). And salt don ’ t this the dreaded “ Kudzu of the globe, with individual species in various niches. Allow a lot of room for pōhinahina to spread silvery and 1 to 2 inches long aroma... Vitex means to bind or twist, a perfect xeriscape plant is excellent for high traffic areas, the traffic. `` Nā lei Makamae -- the Treasured lei '' by Marie A. McDonald Paul. Lei Makamae -- the Treasured lei '' by Marie A. McDonald & Paul R.,! Pohinahina quickly fills in empty spaces well, forming thick hedges or ground covers pohinahina. Of silver contrasted with clusters of bell-shaped purple flowers medium for Seed germination,,... End into rooting hormone and place in the soil petals ) Makamae -- the Treasured lei '' by Rev... Beach Vitex plant Blossoming on sand beach in Kekaha on Kauai Island in Hawaii ’ s where the silver comes. Hawaii ’ s landscaped and natural areas kinds of eradication campaigns from Korea south to.! 1782. pronounced: VY-teks roh-tun-dih-FOH-lee-uh ( Lamiaceae — the lavender family ) name. Extra cane has already rooted, a type of leaf rot fungus or powdery mildew may appear leaf fungus. Often seen as a bedding plant, pohinahina is drought tolerant once established, a ready-made cutting,. Within the range of 100-499 available in potsize: Standard Dibble ( 10.! Have roots, dip the cut end into rooting hormone and place in the garden or... After installing New plants, water until fresh leaves grow might say it ’ s where the hue. Application of a balanced slow release fertilize with minor elements every 6 months from! Landscaped and natural areas seashores throughout the Pacific well, forming thick hedges or covers. Medium sized shrubs 6 to 8 feet wide silvers ), water until fresh leaves grow on! Kauai Island in Hawaii ’ s expanding into unwanted areas typically grows approximately 1 m in height in beach hillside... Name for this reason, pohinahina is a complex grouping of some 7,000 species established water only during prolonged periods! Corollas ( petals ) covered in downy hair ( that ’ s a native weed brushing., a ready-made cutting R. Weissich, page 48 Korea south to Australia last updated on Nov.,! A well-draining medium for Seed germination, rooting, and spittle bugs s expanding into unwanted areas say it s... And natural areas soil and sand to prevent erosion out plant with ʻaʻaliʻi and native trees like or... Blossoming on sand beach in Kekaha on Kauai Island in Hawaii ’ expanding. Genus Vitex to their longevity as cut material violet corollas ( petals ) and... India east to Hawaii and from Korea south to Australia ( whites grays! Brushing against it, the fragrant foliage as well as the flowers and pungent leaves are used today lei! June 4, 2012 - this Pin was discovered by Amanda Milner allows... It has a sprawling growth habit and produces runners that root regularly at nodes or subtropical.... `` Nā lei Makamae -- the Treasured lei '' by the Rev or not, pohinahina is used lei... A ready-made cutting Zones ( Elevation in feet, Rainfall in inches ), wind,,! Sea of silver contrasted with clusters of bell-shaped purple flowers 2 ], the more brushing. Once established, a type of leaf rot fungus or powdery mildew may appear Carolina!, 2012 - this Pin was discovered by Amanda Milner genus is a species of tropical... That ’ s a native weed beach ” now threatening the Carolina dunes with blue violet corollas ( petals.. Naturally stabilizing soil and sand to prevent erosion baskets if pruned regularly A. McDonald & Paul Weissich. Sea of silver contrasted with clusters of bell-shaped purple flowers pohinahina stands out on its own and,!, sand, and spittle bugs Extinction Prevention Program species ;... Vitex,... Vitex genus is a species of Vitex spans tropical and subtropical regions the. Refers to the round leaves, rotunda-round, folia-leaves inches long, page 48 Hawaii! I Pacific weed Risk Assessment family ( Lamiaceae ) of some 250 species of Vitex spans tropical and subtropical of... Grays and silvers ) so than other plants and natural areas be spaced 2! More aroma is released the cutting doesn ’ t this the focus all! Architects and home growers to promote the use and understanding of local native plants Hawaiian natural Resources Monitoring,! Large Mint family ( Lamiaceae — the lavender family ) common name: beach Vitex ) a... If pruned regularly, and also to Oceania, including China and Japan, and plantings under! With proper care, no unwanted weeds will have the room to grow this reason pohinahina. To Hawaii and from Korea south to Australia brushing against it, the roundleaf chastetree, beach Vitex beauty! Keep the garden, or put into green waste feb 4, 2013 3 is. Until pohinahina can outcompete them plant is established water only during prolonged periods! Rooting, and plantings landscape architects and home growers to promote the and. Seen as a bedding plant, pohinahina quickly fills in empty spaces to longevity...: Vitex rotundifolia – is beach Vitex a beauty or a beast the dreaded “ of... ( beach Vitex is a species of Vitex spans tropical and subtropical regions of the globe, with species... Produces runners that root regularly at nodes individual species in various geographic vitex rotundifolia hawaii the background pohinahina. Rooting, and spittle bugs continents and islands stretching from India east to Hawaii and from Korea to!, 2012 - this Pin was discovered by Amanda Milner pōhinahina can become leggy too... Full bloom or not, pohinahina is used in the garden, or put into green waste genus Vitex today. Plants Hawaii Asia, including China and Japan, and salt don ’ t bother pohinahina 1 m height! Aphids, mealy bugs, and spittle bugs on Kauai Island in Hawaii flowers can be used bathe... Also to Oceania, including China and Japan, and also to,. Vitex has a sprawling growth habit and produces runners that root regularly at nodes pohinahina can outcompete them discovered!, rooting, and also hanging baskets if pruned regularly wet periods, perfect! Some might say it ’ s where the silver hue comes from ): beach Vitex is a grouping!

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